Different Types of Vaccines

As mentioned earlier, there are five main types of vaccines: attenuated (live) vaccines, inactivated vaccines, toxoid vaccines, subunit vaccines, and conjugate vaccines. The first vaccines for humans against viruses used weakened or attenuated viruses to generate immunity without causing serious illness (e.g. the early smallpox vaccine that was derived from cowpox). The rabies vaccine was the first human vaccine where the virus was attenuated in a laboratory. Let’s take a closer look at the list of vaccines according to vaccine type:

Live, attenuated vaccine list:
According to vaccines.gov, live-attenuated vaccines use a weakened form of the germ that causes a disease to assist in building immunity. Vaccines.org reports that just one or two doses of most live vaccines can give you a lifetime of protection against a germ and the disease it causes.

Inactivated/killed vaccine list:

  • Polio (IPV)
  • Hepatitis A
  • Rabies

Toxoid (inactivated toxin) vaccine list:

  • Diphtheria, tetanus (part of DTaP combined immunization)

Subunit/conjugate vaccine list:

  • Hepatitis B
  • Influenza (injection)
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)
  • Pertussis (part of DTaP combined immunization)
  • Pneumococcal
  • Meningococcal
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)









44 thoughts on “Different Types of Vaccines

  1. Riya mehta

    I think it is very important for our future. If our future is not healthy then we cannot make our the best place in world

    • sravan

      Yeah, Right. But… No ones concerned about future in regards to other aspects, pollution is also one of the probable cause for cancer, plastic usage and plastic remnants causes cancer in different ways. so basically future has been one way decided already.

    • sohail khan

      U r right….

    • peter likulu

      of-course that is real thing


      Yeah ! You are right….actually we all know that today’syoutha are the next generation but who cares…..
      I mean they themselves not care about their health how can anyone???
      Imean we say earlier that the people did’t know the side effects of smoking tobacco….but today when every one know the side effect behind this still everyone commit sucide by doing this….

  2. Augustus Chikawti

    I am not getting the exact differences on a live vaccine , live attenuated and a conjugate vaccine? Again, can we get the distinct list of the vaccines that belong to each group. It appears like their is no clear margins on the differences of these vaccines.

  3. samreen

    can u please mention that when these vaccines are necessary in a life cycle of an infant.

    • Elwitigala Saranapala

      For what the abravation stands for H.I.B vaccine?

      • thie

        Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)

    • christian

      if it is how did infants survive before vaccines

      • Philip

        they didn’t, lol

    • anon

      what you mean

    • kudirat

      heamophilus influenza type B

  4. Jayasree

    can u mention which are different type of vaccination
    like dta etc………

  5. david

    Hi, can someone help me identify the rotavirus vaccine? (is it a DNA vaccine, recombinant vector vaccine or what
    kind of vaccine is it?)

    • kudirat

      Is the one that fight against diarrhoea

  6. leo

    Nice!……….very helpful for me

  7. Abdullah Mamun

    I am very happy for good information

  8. Teirrah ilasik

    should experimental or novel vaccines be categorised under here?

  9. em

    when was this published

  10. saba

    Its very informative. Happy for this information.

  11. Mayank

    Please add the details of IIV and RIV , it will clear the concept of Influenza vaccines… Thanks

  12. Janvi r

    It was very helpful for my annual exam 🤗

  13. kausain quraishi

    recently vaccines batao means ke 2011 2012

  14. krishna

    Is pcv vaccine inactivated?

  15. lukman sada

    immunization in Katsina state is better then some state bcs some of the women accept the immunization immediately after the delivery

  16. kohuru charles

    Though you have listed several types of vaccines and may be with an example or two of the diseases that they control, you have, however, not explained how different vaccines work in protection against diseses

  17. Albert

    very good and helpful thank you carrington

  18. Yashica Mandal

    Hey thanks it helped me alot in my homework on vaccines💉😊

    • Surendra


  19. please educate yourself

    I can tell you all have ben vaccinated. (smh)

  20. Attipoe Roland

    Please I want to know the characteristics the three vaccines
    1.live vaccines
    2.Dead vaccines

  21. Sushma

    It may be more good if u add info about each of these

  22. Muhammad

    can my child get a vaccine for other diseases like malaria and diarrhoea during

  23. Toluwanimi

    Yes it is good if we use these vaccines to proctected from these immunizable diseases

  24. Nadine

    Are there vaccines that are needed yearly?

  25. Me again😂

    yes like the flu shot but it isn’t needed 😃

  26. Kat

    Hey guys i totally agree

  27. Kat


  28. Andres Pangilinan

    As I read comments by Netizens and even learned people, many really don’t know the facts. Maybe, during the Dengvaxia hearings, let a vaccine expert do a short informative talk; what is a vaccine, its action, and the indications, side-effects. There must be an informed consent, past medical history of the patient to be vaccinated (by the mother or person who raised the patient), and recorded on paper.

  29. penerjemah


  30. Shatil Shahriar

    I think, researchers should more focus on genetic engineered vaccine rather than others for betterment of safety, efficacy as well as potentiality.

  31. Joe S

    You are most welcome.

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