Different Types of Vaccines

As mentioned earlier, there are five main types of vaccines: attenuated (live) vaccines, inactivated vaccines, toxoid vaccines, subunit vaccines, and conjugate vaccines. The first vaccines for humans against viruses used weakened or attenuated viruses to generate immunity without causing serious illness (e.g. the early smallpox vaccine that was derived from cowpox). The rabies vaccine was the first human vaccine where the virus was attenuated in a laboratory. Let’s take a closer look at the list of vaccines according to vaccine type:

Live, attenuated vaccine list:

  • Vaccinia (smallpox)
  • Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR combined vaccine)
  • Varicella (chickenpox)
  • Influenza (nasal spray)
  • Rotavirus
  • Zoster (shingles)
  • Yellow fever

Inactivated/killed vaccine list:

  • Polio (IPV)
  • Hepatitis A
  • Rabies

Toxoid (inactivated toxin) vaccine list:

  • Diphtheria, tetanus (part of DTaP combined immunization)

Subunit/conjugate vaccine list:

  • Hepatitis B
  • Influenza (injection)
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)
  • Pertussis (part of DTaP combined immunization)
  • Pneumococcal
  • Meningococcal
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)

Sources:

http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/patient-ed/conversations/downloads/vacsafe-understand-color-office.pdf

http://www.historyofvaccines.org/content/how-vaccines-work

https://www.iavi.org/How-To-Help/Learn/How-Vaccines-Work/Pages/default.aspx

http://www.who.int/topics/vaccines/en/

http://www.historyofvaccines.org/content/herd-immunity-0

http://www.immunize.org/timeline/

http://www.historyofvaccines.org/content/timelines/all

20 thoughts on “Different Types of Vaccines

  1. Riya mehta

    I think it is very important for our future. If our future is not healthy then we cannot make our the best place in world

    • sravan

      Yeah, Right. But… No ones concerned about future in regards to other aspects, pollution is also one of the probable cause for cancer, plastic usage and plastic remnants causes cancer in different ways. so basically future has been one way decided already.

  2. Augustus Chikawti

    I am not getting the exact differences on a live vaccine , live attenuated and a conjugate vaccine? Again, can we get the distinct list of the vaccines that belong to each group. It appears like their is no clear margins on the differences of these vaccines.

  3. samreen

    can u please mention that when these vaccines are necessary in a life cycle of an infant.

    • Elwitigala Saranapala

      For what the abravation stands for H.I.B vaccine?

      • thie

        Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)

    • christian

      if it is how did infants survive before vaccines

      • Philip

        they didn’t, lol

  4. Jayasree

    can u mention which are different type of vaccination
    like dta etc………

  5. david

    Hi, can someone help me identify the rotavirus vaccine? (is it a DNA vaccine, recombinant vector vaccine or what
    kind of vaccine is it?)

  6. leo

    Nice!……….very helpful for me

  7. Abdullah Mamun

    I am very happy for good information

  8. Teirrah ilasik

    should experimental or novel vaccines be categorised under here?

  9. em

    when was this published

  10. saba

    Its very informative. Happy for this information.

  11. Mayank

    Please add the details of IIV and RIV , it will clear the concept of Influenza vaccines… Thanks

  12. Janvi r

    It was very helpful for my annual exam 🤗

  13. kausain quraishi

    recently vaccines batao means ke 2011 2012

  14. krishna

    Is pcv vaccine inactivated?

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